Applying for a PhD or other Doctorate

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Studying at postgraduate level is always a big commitment, but applying for a PhD or other doctorate, which will take a minimum of 3 years, is a major decision.

What types of Doctorate are available in the UK?
In the UK, the most common model for a doctorate is a ‘traditional’ PhD - where a substantial original piece of research is carried out and ‘written up’ into a thesis over 3 (sometimes 4) years if study is full time, or up to 6 or more years if studied part-time. There are other models of the PhD offered in the UK and in other countries which include PhDs judged by a portfolio of published papers.
What about other European countries?
In other European countries, PhD candidates are usually salaried employees, whereas in the UK they are normally students. The ‘Viva Voce’ or defence of the PhD in the UK is usually done in private with a set number of examiners (usually 2 or 3) whereas in other countries, especially in Europe, the ‘defence’ may take the form of a public session with an examination panel.
What is a Professional Doctorate?
It is also possible to take a 'professional' doctorate – these are usually studied part-time whilst the student continues to work, and the professional context forms a key part of the doctorate with the candidate undertaking two or more substantial pieces of research rooted in their professional area and their work. The most long standing examples of this professional Doctorate in the UK include EdD (in Education), EngD (Engineering) and DClinPsy (Psychology) and DBA (Business) but many others have also been developed in recent years, often in health and social sciences related areas.

Here are some of the things you might find it helpful to consider when thinking about a PhD or other doctorate:

Is Research the life you want for the next 3 years or more?
Success in an undergraduate or masters project can give you some idea of whether research would suit you in the long term but it’s not an infallible guide. Talking to both staff and current PhD students, especially about the realities of daily life as a doctoral student will help you understand more about what is required before you apply.
Do you have funding for a doctorate?
Check out TalkPostgrad’s articles on where to look for funding from both Universities and charities.
Should you do a masters before applying for a PhD?
In some subject areas, including social sciences and arts, undertaking a research based masters is either a requirement or something you would be strongly advised to do before embarking on a PhD. This type of masters will teach you valuable research skills. There are however PhDs in these subjects that now incorporate substantial research skills training as part of the PhD. If you are at all uncertain as to whether a PhD is right for you, whatever your subject area, a masters that includes a substantial piece of independent research may help you make up your mind.
Should you visit the University before applying for a PhD?
It’s great if you can, but of course its not always possible, so if you can’t visit in person, we would definitely recommend calling to speak with your potential supervisor, a discussion over skype if you can manage it, phone calls and emails. Anything that gives you a feel for whether the research environment at the University or within that research group would be right for you, and gives you an opportunity to communicate with the person who would be your supervisor is a good idea. You may also be able to speak to other research students currently working within the group or department, either over skype or if the University offers online chat sessions. If you need to submit a research proposal as part of the application then speaking to the supervisor before you start is a good idea.
How do I write a research proposal?
If the University requires you to send in a research proposal as part of your application, they may well have guidelines on the form they expect it to take. If you can’t find any guidelines, don’t be afraid to ask, and they may even be able to send you some past examples.
How long does it take to apply for a PhD?
PhD funding and opportunities are advertised throughout the year – some have deadlines of just 3 weeks, or if might be 3 months. You may well end up applying for a number of different PhDs as they are very competitive, particularly where funding is involved. We would certainly suggest making sure you have enough time for each application. We’ve created a useful online tool to help you manage your applications if you make more than one, and keep track of where everything is – take a look at http://www.MyPostgradApps.com to find out how it can help you.
Will I definitely get funding for my PhD?
For many students this is the most important question, but its one of the most difficult to answer. You can help maximise your chances by setting aside plenty of time to apply, establishing good relationships with the supervisors in the research groups you are applying to, and doing your research before you contact the University. Be prepared to persevere!

Next Steps

We hope you have found this article helpful - take a look at more postgraduate funding and study information here:

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